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City of Las Vegas

Way More Than 'The Strip'

The Las Vegas metropolitan area has a population of over 2 million.

Las Vegas, officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.

Las Vegas was founded as a city on May 15, 1905, when 110 acres of land situated between Stewart Avenue on the north, Garces Avenue to the south, Main Street to the west, and Fifth Street (Las Vegas Boulevard) to the east, were auctioned off by the railroad company. The completion of the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad, linking Southern California with Salt Lake City, established Las Vegas as a railroad town. The availability of water made Las Vegas an ideal refueling point and rest stop. J. T. McWilliams laid out his Original Las Vegas Townsite (now Historic West Las Vegas) on what is now the west side of the railroad tracks.

Las Vegas was incorporated on June 1, 1911. On that day, voters in the unincorporated township of Las Vegas went to the polls and voted on the issue of incorporation. The results were 168 in favor of incorporation and 57 opposed. Las Vegas Age front page ‐ June 3, 1911.

The Historic Westside School was built in Historic West Las Vegas on W. Washington Avenue and D Street. The building was the first grammar school in West Las Vegas and is the oldest remaining schoolhouse in Las Vegas. The school is listed on the city of Las Vegas Historic Property Register, and the state and National Register of Historic Places.

In 1941 The Las Vegas Army Air Field (now Nellis Air Force Base) was built in the northeast. The western-style El Rancho Vegas hotel‐casino, became the first themed resort on the Strip. This was followed by the Last Frontier (1942), Flamingo (1946) and Thunderbird (1948) hotels and casinos. On Fremont Street the El Cortez hotel‐casino opened.

In 2012 the National Museum of Organized Crime and Law Enforcement opened inside the former U.S. Post Office and Courthouse located at 300 Stewart Ave. The new City Hall, located at 495 S. Main St., opened for business in downtown Las Vegas, leaving the previous City Hall available for development by Zappos.com. The Smith Center for Performing Arts opened bringing Broadway productions, concerts and a home for culture in Las Vegas.

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